Shoulder Injuries You Need To Know About


Shoulder injuries can happen to any individual. There are different types of shoulder injuries. Let us have a look at the different types of shoulder injuries.

Rotator Cuff Shoulder Injuries

When there is inflammation in muscles or tendons in the shoulder, it can result in rotator cuff tear shoulder injuries. People who play sports involving shoulder can have the rotator cuff tear.

Let us have a look at some of the treatments of rotator cuff tear.

  • The physician in Sioux Falls Orthopedics may suggest the patients to use non-steroidal drugs. These drugs help reduce the inflammation in the patients.
  • The application of cold packs can also help improve the overall shoulder condition.
  • The Sioux Falls Orthopedics surgeon may ask the patient to avoid physically challenging activities.
  • In some cases the doctor may prescribe the patient the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.  

Shoulder Sprains

Strain or sprain in the shoulder causes a tear. A patient may have from any of the two types of shoulder sprains, acromioclavicular joint sprain or sternoclavicular joint sprain.

Let us have a look at these types of sprain involving shoulder injuries.

Sternoclavicular Joint Sprain

A tear occurring in the sternoclavicular joint is known as sternoclavicular joint sprain. It is a rare type of shoulder injury to the patient. There are three levels of sternoclavicular joint sprain, Grade I, Grade II, and Grade III.

Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain

Acromioclavicular joint sprain occurs between collarbone and acromion. It is a common type of shoulder sprain injury. The acromioclavicular joint sprain has three levels including Grade I, Grade II, and Grade III.

Treating Sprain Shoulder Injuries

The Sioux Falls Orthopedics doctor will treat each patient as per their specific needs. Let us have a look at the treatments for both types of shoulder sprains.

Treatment of Sternoclavicular Sprain

The treatment of sternoclavicular sprain depends on the level of strain. Grade I sternoclavicular sprains involve the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines. The doctor may ask the patient to use a sling for a couple of weeks. Grade II sternoclavicular sprains require the Sioux Falls Orthopedics doctor to use the sling for an extended period of three to six weeks. For grade III sternoclavicular sprains, the doctor may ask the patient to under a surgery.

Treatment of Acromioclavicular Joint Sprain

The doctor may recommend the use of anti-inflammatory medicines for treating Grade I and Grade II acromioclavicular joint sprain. The use of sling becomes necessary for treating a Grade III acromioclavicular joint sprain shoulder injuries. In rare cases, the patient may be asked to undergo a surgical procedure.

Shoulder Gout

Gout is an orthopedic condition which can occur in part of the human body. The main reason behind gout is increased uric acid in the blood.

Let us have a look at some of the symptoms of gout in the shoulder.

  • A reduced mobility of the shoulder which affects motion because of high levels of uric acid in the blood.
  • The formation of crystal lumps which make it difficult for the shoulder joint to function.
  • Continuous pain in the shoulder region.

If you face similar problems, get in touch with your Sioux Falls Orthopedics doctor today. Here are some ways of improving a gout affected shoulder.

  • Maintain a proactive and healthy lifestyle and follow up with your doctor on routinely basis.
  • The use of corticosteroids and pain relievers can help normalize uric acid blood levels.
  • The orthopedic surgery doctor may ask the patient to take anti-inflammatory or non-steroidal medicines.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Any injury or disease which compresses blood vessels or nerves in thoracic outlet can this shoulder problem. The compressing of blood vessels, nerves, or muscles can cause serious problem. This pain may radiate to other parts of the body too like shoulder, arms, and neck.

Possible Causes of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

  • The overuse of the shoulder joint or arms can cause this injury.
  • A person born with extra rib can have thoracic outlet syndrome.
  • Poor body posture and obesity can result in thoracic outlet syndrome.
  • Any injury which results in compressing of the vessels and nerves.

Treating the Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

  • One way to treat the thoracic outlet syndrome is to reduce weight.
  • The Sioux Falls Orthopedics surgeon may ask the patient to undergo physical therapy.
  • The doctor may prescribe the use of over the counter medications to help reduce pain.
  • In some cases surgery becomes inevitable for treating Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Surgery will help treat such shoulder injuries.

Shoulder Osteoarthritis

Shoulder osteoarthritis is more common in individuals above the age of 50. However, young people can get affected because of this problem. In young people an injury or trauma  can trigger shoulder osteoarthritis. Sometimes, shoulder injuries due to fracture or dislocation can result in osteoarthritis. A patient having shoulder problem due to injury or trauma is known to have post-traumatic arthritis. In rare cases shoulder osteoarthritis can be hereditary.  

Here are some ways your bone doctor may recommend.

  • Dietary supplements can help improve the shoulder osteoarthritis condition.
  • The use of anti-inflammatory medicines can help relieve pain.
  • The doctor may ask the patient to apply ice on the affected shoulder area.
  • In some cases, exercises, physical therapy, or resting can help.

Frozen Shoulder

A reduced mobility of the shoulder joint is considered frozen. The thickening or tightening of the shoulder joint occurs due to different reasons. The thickening seriously impacts mobility and limits movement. Stiffness, swelling, and pain are common symptoms of frozen shoulder.

In some cases different types of illnesses can also cause a frozen shoulder. These illnesses include weak immune system, hormonal imbalance, or diabetes.

Let us see which individuals are more prone to the frozen shoulder injury.

  • A patient who wears a sling for a long time can have a frozen shoulder. This is typically true for older individuals with rigid bone structure.
  • The lack of activity and a lazy lifestyle can result in this type of shoulder injury.
  • Thyroid disorders can cause frozen shoulder.

Rotator Cuff Injury

There are four muscles in the shoulder that work together. These four muscles work together to stabilize the joint. A tear in any of these four muscles can cause rotator cuff tear.

Let us look at the potential reasons behind rotator cuff injury.

  • The patient may need to avoid activities which cause rotator cuff tear.
  • The application of cold packs as per the directions of the Sioux Falls Orthopedics doctor can help.
  • Sometimes, anti-inflammatory drugs can help the patient.
  • Steroids, physical therapy, and surgery are also helpful for treating rotator cuff tear.

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Inflammation in the tendons or muscles of the shoulder joint refer to the condition of rotator cuff tendinitis. People who actively participate in sports activities are prone to the rotator cuff tendinitis.

Treatment of Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

  • The patient may need to use non-steroidal medications to facilitate a reduction in inflammation.
  • The doctor may ask the patient to avoid activities which may result in rotator cuff tendinitis.
  • The application of the cold ice packs as per the doctor’s instructions can help reduce inflammation.
  • In some cases the use of steroids, surgery, or physical therapy may help. Home care can come in handy for these types of shoulder injuries.

Simple Tips to Avoid Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder Stretching Exercises

Simple shoulder stretching exercises are important for the health of the joint. If you are suffering from any of the shoulder injuries, consult your orthopedic physician before undergoing any particular type of training.

A Straight Standing Posture

Make sure to stand and sit straight. Posture plays an important role in avoiding unnecessary burden on the shoulder joint. Make a habit of keeping a proper posture. Proper posture is also good for your spine and other joints of the body.

Avoid Too High Lateral Shoulder Raise

Do not unnecessarily raise shoulders laterally above 90 degree. Avoid this mistake when doing a lateral shoulder exercise while lifting weights. This high lateral shoulder lift puts more pressure on the shoulder joint.

Work on Improving Strength of External Rotators

There are different exercises you can do to strengthen different parts of the shoulder. You can do different shoulder exercises to improve the overall strength. Make sure not to overdo an exercise or in a wrong way.