The second part of the non-invasive or conservative treatment of knee related problems.
Here are some of the other ways of treating knee pain using conservative methods.
Hyaluronic acid plays an important role in knee movement within the patients. Arthritis of the knee, particularly, osteoarthritis reduces concertation of the hyaluronic acid, resulting in increased knee pain. Hyaluronic acid acts as a synovial fluid to lubricate the knee joint. The orthopedic surgeon will inject viscosupplementation including hyaluronic acid into arthritis affected knee.
The injected hyaluronic acid may last for several months before the orthopedic surgeon needs to inject it again. The effectiveness of hyaluronic acid varies from case to case and depends on a patient’s medical condition, overall health, and age. One thing to note is that hyaluronic acid does not stop the progress of arthritis within the knee joints.
Corticosteroids including prednisone help improve ill effects of inflammation in the knee, resulting in easing of the joint pain. The orthopedic surgeon will directly inject the corticosteroids into the knee joint. Doctors usually do not recommend the use of steroids for long-term use as they can only provide temporary relief.
The side-effects of corticosteroids are devastating for patients. One of the major impacts of using steroids is that they severely affect the immune system of human body. The reduced effectiveness of steroids makes the human body more vulnerable to other diseases. Some of the other known side-effects include high blood pressure, sugar, cataracts, and loss of bone calcium.
Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy
ESWT (Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy) usually gives long-term relief from pain. Tendinitis is the primary cause of knee pain, and ESWT mainly helps overcome this kind of illness. The use of high-energy sound waves creates microtrauma promoting revascularization. The use of ESWT stimulates the body’s natural repair process mechanisms, helping with increased flow of blood and oxygen.
ESWT may or may not work. ESWT, as mentioned before, usually gives positive results where patients have blood and oxygen flow related issues. However, you must consult your orthopedic doctor to know if this will work for you or not.
Glucosamine and Chondroitin
The human body has deposits of glucosamine and chondroitin. However, in some patients, the orthopedic surgeon may try to supplement them in a patient’s body using OTC medicines. Glucosamine helps repair articular cartilage. Chondroitin acts as a preservative, disallowing other enzymes in the body to break joint cartilage of the knee.
We as humans carry our entire body weight on our legs. Knees play an important part in our day to day activities. Dr. Dave Watts of Sioux Falls Orthopedics highly recommends his patients to maintain an active and healthy lifestyle. He argues that an active lifestyle prevents most of the bone related problems from taking place. Therefore, we as patients, need to ensure we are maintaining an active way of life.
You can read about part 1 of non-invasive or conservative treatment of knee pain.