Spinal Tumor and Its Various Kinds

There are different types of a spinal tumor. These spinal tumors need to get checked by a qualified orthopedic surgery doctor. A spinal tumor may or may not be dangerous.

However, in order for you to determine if a spinal tumor is cancerous or not, you need to get in touch with your doctor. Your orthopedic surgery doctor will take a sample from the tumor and send it to a laboratory to check its nature.

The various types of spinal tumor include plasma, bone, and cartilage.

Let us see the different types of spinal tumor.

Benign Bone Tumors

Here is a look at the different types of benign bone tumors.

Hemangioma

This type of benign tumor is caused because of a bone growth. The hemangioma develops within the marrow of the bone. This type of spinal tumor most impacts hemangioma. Individuals with a age of 20 to 40 years may have hemangioma spinal tumor.

Osteoblastoma

The osteoblastoma mostly occurs to patients under the age of 30 years. Men are more prone to getting osteoblastoma spinal tumor as opposed to men. Osteoblastoma mostly impacts the column or posterior of the spinal cord.

Osteoid Osteoma

Individuals under the age of 25 are more prone to the osteoid osteoma. Men are at a higher risk of developing osteoid osteoma spinal tumor. Most of the osteoid osteoma spinal tumors are not greater than 2 centimeters in size. The pain becomes difficult to bear at night. You need to take a painkiller to relieve pain. However, only use medicine upon your doctor’s recommendation.

Giant Cell Tumor

Giant cell tumor is a rare but an aggressive form of spinal tumor. Individuals between the age of 20 and 40 years have more chances of having giant cell tumor. The giant cell spinal tumor develops within the sacrum. Sometimes, the giant cell tumor may also develop in the vertebral spine body. The giant cell tumor can also create other problems including bowel and bladder dysfunction.

Malignant Bone Tumors

The malignant bone tumors of the spine are dangerous. Let us have a look at the different types of malignant spine tumors.

Chondrosarcoma

The chondrosarcoma is a very rarely occurring type of spinal tumor. A chondrosarcoma can develop into various multiple myeloma. The development into multiple myeloma is dangerous for the patient.

In some cases chondrosarcoma may be only a single tumor. People above the age of 50 have the chances of getting this type of tumor. Plasmacytoma may occur as a single tumor too. This type of tumor usually attacks the nerve roots and spinal cord. Other areas where this tumor can impact include the vertebral body, causing hunchback.

Chordoma

Chordoma is a slowly growing spinal tumor. Chordoma tumor is a rare medical condition which may impact the coccyx and sacrum. Men are a greater risk of developing chordoma. Individuals of age 50 to 70 may have a higher chance of developing chordoma.

Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a tumor which rarely attacks the spinal cord. This type of tumor affects anterior vertebral body. In some cases, this type of tumor can impact the posterior spine elements. Women and men have an equal chance of developing osteosarcoma. People between the ages of 20 and 30 with Paget’s disease may develop osteosarcoma.

Ewing’s Sarcoma

Children between the age of 10 and 15 are more prone to the Ewing’s sarcoma. The rapid development in the bones can cause Ewing’s Sarcoma. The male children are at a greater risk of developing Ewing’s Sarcoma. Sacrum is the area where most of the Ewing’s Sarcoma occur.   

Lymphomas

Lymphomas is referred to the cancer with lymphatic system of the body getting impacted. Lymph plays an important role in the body by fighting various types of infection. Sometimes, the lymph may become uncontrollable.

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Management of the Sciatica Pain

Sciatica Pain

The sciatica pain can make the life of a person very difficult. Doctors usually advise the use of non-surgical methods to administer the sciatica pain.

If the pain becomes unbearable, the orthopedic surgeon in Sioux Falls South Dakota may advise the use of mediation. Exercise can sometimes give relief from the pain.

Non-Surgical Ways Used to Treat Sciatica Pain

These are the commonly used methods for treating sciatica pain not involving surgery.

Use of Heat and Ice

Sometimes, severe sciatica pain does not respond to any medicine. In that case the doctor may ask the patient to apply heat and ice packs on the affected area of the spinal cord. The frequency and method of the application depends on the patient’s condition. Ask your orthopedic doctor in Sioux Falls about the application of heat and ice.

To Administer Epidural Injections

One other way of getting rid of sciatica pain is to administer epidural injections. The administering of epidural injections will help reduce the inflammation. The reduction in inflammation helps overcome the pain caused by nerve compression. The healing effects of the epidural injections vary from one patient to another.

Manual Manipulation

Manual manipulation of adjust of the spinal cord can help the patient feel instant pain relief. The manual manipulation helps the patient treat the underlying conditions of the spinal cord. The use of manual manipulation helps overcome many of the causes of spinal cord. The manual manipulation facilitates a better healing environment for the patient.

Undergo Therapy

There are two types of therapies your doctor may ask you to undergo, cognitive therapy and massage therapy. The cognitive therapy helps overcome the behaviors which may cause sciatica pain. Similarly, the doctor may also advice undergoing massage therapy. The massage therapy improves blood flow and muscle relaxation to help the patient feel better.

 

Basics of Laminectomy Surgery

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The laminectomy surgery procedure helps relieve compression on the spine. A qualified orthopedic surgeon performs the operation.

Common Reasons Behind Laminectomy

These are some of the common reasons behind decompressive laminectomy.

  • Severe pain in the back.
  • The weakness or numbness in legs.
  • The patient having problems in walking.
  • The patient facing difficult in controlling the bowel movement.

When To Undergo Laminectomy Surgery?

A patient is only advised to undergo laminectomy surgery when the usual methods do not work to help in laminectomy recovery.

Here are some of the problems which can lead to laminectomy surgery.

  • Shrinkage of spine and bones or ligaments swelling.
  • Spine arthritis, a common symptom in old age persons.
  • Any defects in a child present at the time of the birth.
  • Abnormal growth in the body.
  • The Paget’s disease or herniated or slipped disc.

Laminectomy Surgery

The laminectomy surgery involves a number of steps taken by the orthopedic surgeon. Let us have a look at the steps involved in laminectomy surgery.

  • The orthopedic surgeon in Sioux Falls Orthopedics will clear the operation site by using an antiseptic solution.
  • The surgeon will make a small incision.
  • The skin is moved away to give the orthopedic doctor a clear view of the operational site.
  • The orthopedic doctor removes the lamina bones in part or completely including bone spurs and small disc fragments.
  • The surgeon closes the incision with stitches and covers it with sterile bandages.

Laminectomy Recovery

In the entire procedure, laminectomy recovery is very important. The patient must keep the following things in mind when undergoing laminectomy recovery.

  • Follow up with your doctor on regular basis.
  • To increase your level of physical activities gradually and with your orthopedic surgeon’s approval.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects and strenuous activities.
  • If not necessary, do not climb stairs up and down.

An Introduction to Osteoarthritis of the Spine

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The degenerative disease of the joints is called osteoarthritis. The protective cushion at the top of the bones degenerates, causing extreme pain and swelling. Sometimes, it may also refer to bone spurs or osteophytes.

Osteoarthritis of the Spine

The breakdown of the cartilage of joints or discs in lower back or neck is called osteoarthritis of the spine.

Typical Osteoarthritis Patients

The osteoarthritis usually happens due the following reasons.

  • There is a genetic defect which damages cartilage.
  • Trauma or injury to the joint

Men younger than 45 years of age commonly get affected by osteoarthritis. Women above the age of 45 get affected by osteoarthritis. People with excess weight may also become prone to osteoarthritis. Sometimes physical activities involving repetitive movements may lead to this problem.

Common Symptoms of Spine Osteoarthritis

The stiffness or pain in neck or back sometimes symbolizes osteoarthritis. Patients suffering from osteoarthritis of the spine may also have weakness or numbness in the legs, when it gets too severe impacting the spinal nerves. The patient feels better when lying upon their back.

Sometimes, the disease of spine osteoarthritis may lead to experiencing socializing and emotional issues. This health problem can also result in hindering of daily activities and might eventually effect their on-the-job performance.

Diagnosis of Spine Osteoarthritis

There are different methods used by the physician to diagnose the osteoarthritis of the spine. Some of the common methods used by the orthopedic surgeon in Sioux Falls include determining patient’s medical history, physical examination, CT scan, or X-ray. These ways of diagnosing the problem can help determine issues like numbness, pain, swelling, tenderness, and loss of motion.

  • X-rays help the doctor know the extent of damage done to the spinal cord and the type of treatment required.
  • At times, the orthopedic surgeon may also ask the patient to undergo blood tests to screen out any other diseases.
  • MRI helps the orthopedic surgeon know the damage done to the narrowing disc areas of the spine cord.